Journal of
Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics
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ISSN: 1690-4524 (Online)


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Editorial Advisory Board's Chair
William Lesso

Editor-in-Chief
Nagib C. Callaos


Sponsored by
The International Institute of
Informatics and Systemics

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Effect of Flow on Cultured Cell at Micro-Pattern of Ridge Lines
Haruka Hino, Shigehiro Hashimoto, Yusuke Shinozaki, Hiromi Sugimoto, Yusuke Takahashi
(pages: 1-7)

Bridging the Semantic and Lexical Webs: Concept-Validating and Hypothesis-Exploring Ontologies for the Nexus-PORTAL-DOORS System
Adam Craig, Seung-Ho Bae, Carl Taswell
(pages: 8-13)

The Learning Science through Theatre Initiative in the Context of Responsible Research and Innovation
Zacharoula Smyrnaiou, Elena Georgakopoulou, Menelaos Sotiriou, Sofoklis Sotiriou
(pages: 14-22)

Perceptions and Preferences of High School Students in STEM: A Case Study in Connecticut and Mississippi
Bin (Brenda) Zhou, Clifford Anderson, Feng Wang, Lin Li
(pages: 23-26)

A Study on the Meaning of the ‘Lifelong Learning to Be’ Implicated in the Philosophy of Nietzsche
Kwanchun Lee, Soo Yeon Choi, Un Shil Choi
(pages: 27-32)

Barriers to Social Innovation and Ways of Overcoming them in Latvia
Karine Oganisjana, Yuliya Eremina, Salome Gvatua, Benjamin Ngongo Kabwende, Ozoemena Joseph Chukwu
(pages: 33-38)

Unmanned Aerial Vehicle-Based Automobile License Plate Recognition System for Institutional Parking Lots
Julian Dasilva, Ricardo Jiménez, Roland Schiller, Sanja Zivanovic González
(pages: 39-43)

Dialectal Atlas of the Arab World - between Intention and Reality
Oleg Redkin, Olga Bernikova
(pages: 44-47)

IT Risk and Chaos Theory: Effect on the Performance of South African SMEs
Anass Bayaga, Stephen Flowerday, Liezel Cilliers
(pages: 48-53)

How to Apply the User Profile Usability Technique in the User Modelling Activity for an Adaptive Food Recommendation System for People on Special Diets
Lucrecia Llerena, Nancy Rodríguez, Pablo Gómez-Abajo, John W. Castro
(pages: 54-63)

Policies, Legislation and Regulatory Compliance Governance Impact on Strategic Management of Higher Education and Research Institutions in Latvia
Anita Straujuma, Inga Lapina, Elina Gaile-Sarkane, Modris Ozolins
(pages: 64-69)

Parallel Prediction of Stock Volatility
Priscilla Jenq, John Jenq
(pages: 70-73)

Hacking a Bridge: An Exploratory Study of Compliance-Based Information Security Management in Banking Organization
Tesleem Fagade, Theo Tryfonas
(pages: 74-80)

Improvement in the Physical and Psychological Well-Being of Persons with Spinal Cord Injuries by Means of Powered Wheelchairs Driven by Dual Power Wheels and Mobile Technologies
Yee-Pien Yang, Li-Jen Weng, Ye-Yu Yeh, Hui-Fen Mao, Ray-I. Chang
(pages: 81-87)

Data Mediation with Enterprise Level Security
Kevin E. Foltz, William R. Simpson
(pages: 88-93)


 

Abstracts

 


ABSTRACT


Empowering Learners to Choose the Difficulty Level of Problems Based on Their Learning Needs

Janet Mannheimer Zydney, Lori Diehl, Amy Grincewicz, Paul Jones, Ted S. Hasselbring


Research has found that increasing learner control offers several benefits, including increased motivation, attitude, and learning. The goal of the present study was to determine how prior math achievement influences students’ selection of the difficulty level of problems within Math Pursuits, a hypermedia learning program. Math Pursuits was designed to help children understand mathematics by discovering how it relates to the world around them. The program presented each learner with an adjustable level of challenge, along with the necessary scaffolding to support success. The researchers hypothesized that students with lower math skills would choose to start with a lower difficultly level; whereas, students with higher math skills would begin the program by choosing a question with a higher level of difficulty. Results supported these hypotheses. This research also examined the motivational framework guiding students’ selection of problem difficulty.

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