Journal of
Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics
 



ISSN: 1690-4524 (Online)


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Honorary Editorial Advisory Board's Chair
William Lesso (1931-2015)

Editor-in-Chief
Nagib C. Callaos


Sponsored by
The International Institute of
Informatics and Systemics

www.iiis.org
 

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Behavior of Cell in Uniform Shear Flow Field between Rotating Cone and Stationary Plate
Shigehiro Hashimoto, Hiromi Sugimoto, Haruka Hino
(pages: 1-7)

Teachers Continuing Professional Development: Trends in European Countries. Towards Teachers' Professionalism
Liliana Budkowska, Pawel Poszytek
(pages: 8-12)

Play, Connect and Learn: Using Mobile Phones to Improve Early Grade Reading Skills at Home
Ira Joshi
(pages: 13-16)

May Parental Reading Behavior Explain the Gender Differences in Subteeners’ Reading Attitude?
Aniko Joó, Erzsébet Dani
(pages: 17-22)

Leadership and Literacy Processes in School Improvement Creating and Supporting a Community of Success: A Case Study Examining the Principal’s Role in the Reconstitution of a Campus to Transform Literacy and Learning
W. Todd Duncan, Lisa E. Colvin
(pages: 23-28)

Rwandan Collaborative Model for Educator Capacity Building
Andrew Moore, Vincentie Nyangoma, Jaco Du Toit, Peter Wallet, Pascal Rukundo
(pages: 29-35)

Do You Know Where Your Students Are? Digital Supervision and Digital Privacy in Schools
Lorayne Robertson, Laurie Corrigan
(pages: 36-42)

A General Case Study of Complexity Science: Analytical and Logical Interconnection Between Soft and Hard Sciences (Invited Paper)
Jack Jia-Sheng Huang, Yu-Heng Jan
(pages: 43-48)

Novel Application of Immobilized Bacillus Cells for Biotreatment of Furfural-Laden Wastewater
Haneen A. Khudhair, Zainab Z. Ismail
(pages: 49-54)

Reliable Sub-Nanosecond Switching of a Perpendicular SOT-MRAM Cell without External Magnetic Field
Viktor Sverdlov, Alexander Makarov, Siegfried Selberherr
(pages: 55-59)

The Methodology and Implementation of Unique Technology Focused Entrepreneurship/Intrepreneurship Programs
Stephen A. Szygenda, Diana M. Easton
(pages: 60-66)

Intelligent Fault Pattern Recognition of Aerial Photovoltaic Module Images Based on Deep Learning Technique
Xiaoxia Li, Qiang Yang, Wenjun Yan, Zhebo Chen
(pages: 67-71)

Real-Time Implementation of Model Predictive Control in a Low-Cost Embedded Device
John Espinoza, Jorge Buele, Esteban X. Castellanos, Marco Pilatásig, Paulina Ayala, Marcelo V. García
(pages: 72-77)

Real-Time Sentimental Polarity Classification on Live Social-Media
Khalid N. Alhayyan, Imran Ahmad
(pages: 78-84)

Information Modeling and Information Retrieval for the Internet of things (IoT) in Buildings
Renata Baracho, Izabella Cunha, Mário Lúcio Pereira Junior
(pages: 85-91)


 

Abstracts

 


ABSTRACT


Did Your Mailed Ballot Count: The Unrecognized Unreliability of Voting By Mail

Alec Yasinsac


Voting By Mail (VBM) was developed to support absentee voters. It was originally intended to handle canonical absentee voters who now fall under the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Voting Act (UOCAVA) and those with legally acceptable reasons for being unable to appear at the polls on Election Day. Its use slowly expanded to more casual justifications, such as those with planned Election Day travel. More recently, there has been a trend of further expansion to on-demand VBM in many states. As a result, the percentage of VBM ballots has skyrocketed, with little research regarding its impacts on security, privacy, reliability, and accuracy on U. S. elections. In virtually every close election, the outcome must await tabulation of VBM ballots. Yet, VBM may be the least reliable voting approach in wide spread use today. Vote By Mail fraud is recognized by some as possibly the single greatest security vulnerability in U. S. elections. The lack of in-person, at-the-polls accountability makes absentee ballots the tool of choice for those inclined to commit fraud," the Florida Department of Law Enforcement concluded in 1998, after a mayoral election in Miami was thrown out when officials learned that "vote brokers" had signed hundreds of phony absentee ballots.1 Conversely, others recognize theoretical weaknesses in VBM, but generally dismiss its practical impact [1, 2]. Others continue to promote VBM expansion [3, 4]. In this paper, we identify inherent, widespread vulnerability in VBM systems and illustrate their practical impact with numerous examples. We show specifically why VBM systems are not auditable and demonstrate how their unreliability can negatively impact real elections.

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