Journal of
Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics
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ISSN: 1690-4524 (Online)


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Editorial Advisory Board's Chair
William Lesso

Editor-in-Chief
Nagib C. Callaos


Sponsored by
The International Institute of
Informatics and Systemics

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Effect of Flow on Cultured Cell at Micro-Pattern of Ridge Lines
Haruka Hino, Shigehiro Hashimoto, Yusuke Shinozaki, Hiromi Sugimoto, Yusuke Takahashi
(pages: 1-7)

Bridging the Semantic and Lexical Webs: Concept-Validating and Hypothesis-Exploring Ontologies for the Nexus-PORTAL-DOORS System
Adam Craig, Seung-Ho Bae, Carl Taswell
(pages: 8-13)

The Learning Science through Theatre Initiative in the Context of Responsible Research and Innovation
Zacharoula Smyrnaiou, Elena Georgakopoulou, Menelaos Sotiriou, Sofoklis Sotiriou
(pages: 14-22)

Perceptions and Preferences of High School Students in STEM: A Case Study in Connecticut and Mississippi
Bin (Brenda) Zhou, Clifford Anderson, Feng Wang, Lin Li
(pages: 23-26)

A Study on the Meaning of the ‘Lifelong Learning to Be’ Implicated in the Philosophy of Nietzsche
Kwanchun Lee, Soo Yeon Choi, Un Shil Choi
(pages: 27-32)

Barriers to Social Innovation and Ways of Overcoming them in Latvia
Karine Oganisjana, Yuliya Eremina, Salome Gvatua, Benjamin Ngongo Kabwende, Ozoemena Joseph Chukwu
(pages: 33-38)

Unmanned Aerial Vehicle-Based Automobile License Plate Recognition System for Institutional Parking Lots
Julian Dasilva, Ricardo Jiménez, Roland Schiller, Sanja Zivanovic González
(pages: 39-43)

Dialectal Atlas of the Arab World - between Intention and Reality
Oleg Redkin, Olga Bernikova
(pages: 44-47)

IT Risk and Chaos Theory: Effect on the Performance of South African SMEs
Anass Bayaga, Stephen Flowerday, Liezel Cilliers
(pages: 48-53)

How to Apply the User Profile Usability Technique in the User Modelling Activity for an Adaptive Food Recommendation System for People on Special Diets
Lucrecia Llerena, Nancy Rodríguez, Pablo Gómez-Abajo, John W. Castro
(pages: 54-63)

Policies, Legislation and Regulatory Compliance Governance Impact on Strategic Management of Higher Education and Research Institutions in Latvia
Anita Straujuma, Inga Lapina, Elina Gaile-Sarkane, Modris Ozolins
(pages: 64-69)

Parallel Prediction of Stock Volatility
Priscilla Jenq, John Jenq
(pages: 70-73)

Hacking a Bridge: An Exploratory Study of Compliance-Based Information Security Management in Banking Organization
Tesleem Fagade, Theo Tryfonas
(pages: 74-80)

Improvement in the Physical and Psychological Well-Being of Persons with Spinal Cord Injuries by Means of Powered Wheelchairs Driven by Dual Power Wheels and Mobile Technologies
Yee-Pien Yang, Li-Jen Weng, Ye-Yu Yeh, Hui-Fen Mao, Ray-I. Chang
(pages: 81-87)

Data Mediation with Enterprise Level Security
Kevin E. Foltz, William R. Simpson
(pages: 88-93)


 

Abstracts

 


ABSTRACT


Did Your Mailed Ballot Count: The Unrecognized Unreliability of Voting By Mail

Alec Yasinsac


Voting By Mail (VBM) was developed to support absentee voters. It was originally intended to handle canonical absentee voters who now fall under the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Voting Act (UOCAVA) and those with legally acceptable reasons for being unable to appear at the polls on Election Day. Its use slowly expanded to more casual justifications, such as those with planned Election Day travel. More recently, there has been a trend of further expansion to on-demand VBM in many states. As a result, the percentage of VBM ballots has skyrocketed, with little research regarding its impacts on security, privacy, reliability, and accuracy on U. S. elections. In virtually every close election, the outcome must await tabulation of VBM ballots. Yet, VBM may be the least reliable voting approach in wide spread use today. Vote By Mail fraud is recognized by some as possibly the single greatest security vulnerability in U. S. elections. The lack of in-person, at-the-polls accountability makes absentee ballots the tool of choice for those inclined to commit fraud," the Florida Department of Law Enforcement concluded in 1998, after a mayoral election in Miami was thrown out when officials learned that "vote brokers" had signed hundreds of phony absentee ballots.1 Conversely, others recognize theoretical weaknesses in VBM, but generally dismiss its practical impact [1, 2]. Others continue to promote VBM expansion [3, 4]. In this paper, we identify inherent, widespread vulnerability in VBM systems and illustrate their practical impact with numerous examples. We show specifically why VBM systems are not auditable and demonstrate how their unreliability can negatively impact real elections.

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