Journal of
Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics
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ISSN: 1690-4524 (Online)


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Editorial Advisory Board's Chair
William Lesso

Editor-in-Chief
Nagib C. Callaos


Sponsored by
The International Institute of
Informatics and Systemics

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Are We Meeting Pedagogic Requirements? – The Quadratic Equation
Russell Jay Hendel
(pages: 1-7)

Facilitating Effective Student Participation in an Online Environment
Nanda van der Stap, Risa Blair
(pages: 8-11)

Virtual Global Classrooms without Walls: Collaborative Opportunities for Higher Learning Engagement
Cathy MacDonald, Debra Sheppard-LeMoine
(pages: 12-16)

Augmented Reality as Visual Communication for People with ASD
Esteban Menéndez, María Daniela López de Luise
(pages: 17-21)

Study of Race Condition: A Privilege Escalation Vulnerability
Tanjila Farah, Rashed Shelim, Moniruz Zaman, Delwar Alam
(pages: 22-26)

From the Lab to the Field: 3D Technology Supporting Study and Conservation Processes on Ancient Egyptian Artefacts
Paola Buscaglia, Elena Biondi, Alessandro Bovero, Tomasso Quirino
(pages: 27-32)

Digital Forensics Compute Cluster (DFORC2) – A New High Speed Distributed Computing Capability for Digital Forensics
Daniel Gonzales, Zev Winkelman, Trung Tran, Ricardo Sanchez, Dulani Woods, John Hollywood
(pages: 33-38)

Proposal of a Bus Location System Based on Participatory Sensing with BLE Devices and Smartphones
Katsuhiro Naito, Katsuyuki Tanaka
(pages: 39-44)

Technical Change and Employment in an Emerging Economy
Humberto Merritt
(pages: 45-53)

Interpretation of the Results of a Case Study about Impacts and Influences of Exogenous Variables in the Planning of Chronogram and Budget in Software Projects
Altino José Mentzingen de Moraes
(pages: 54-59)

Flipped Classroom – A Flexible Way of Teaching Technology Usage for Diagnostics in the Medical Subdomain ENT
Walter Koch, Jochen Schachenreiter, Klaus Vogt, Gerda Koch
(pages: 60-64)

ERP Selection: The Lifeblood of an Organization
Desmond (Tres) Bishop
(pages: 65-69)

Proposing an Education System to Judge the Necessity of Nuclear Power in Japan
Ariyoshi Kusumi
(pages: 70-74)

Biometric Encryption System for Increased Security
Ranjith Jayapal, Pramod Govindan
(pages: 75-80)

BIM as a Structural Safety Study Tool in Case of Fire - BIMSCIP
Marcelo Franco Porto, José Ricardo Queiroz Franco, Luiza Giori Barcellos Correa, Lucas Vinicius Ribeiro Alves, Renata Maria Abrantes Baracho
(pages: 81-86)

Evaluating the Construct Validity of Basic Science Curriculum Assessment Instrument for Critical Thinking: A Case-Study
Chau-Kuang Chen, Adriana Marie Horner, Michelle Scott, Stephanie C. McClure
(pages: 87-92)

The Outer Banks Study – Physio-Chemical Parameters for Water Quality Testing/Professional Development Program for Teachers
Joseph Stringer, Timothy Bowman, Keith Vinson, Catherine Warnecke, Nora Lewis, William Slattery, Suzanne K. Lunsford
(pages: 93-97)


 

Abstracts

 


ABSTRACT


Model Interpretation of Topological Spatial Analysis for the Visually Impaired (Blind) Implemented in Google Maps

Marcelo Franco Porto, João Francisco De Abreu, Renata Maria Abrantes Baracho


The technological innovations promote the availability of geographic information on the Internet through Web GIS such as Google Earth and Google Maps. These systems contribute to the teaching and diffusion of geographical knowledge that instigates the recognition of the space we live in, leading to the creation of a spatial identity. In these products available on the Web, the interpretation and analysis of spatial information gives priority to one of the human senses: vision. Due to the fact that this representation of information is transmitted visually (image and vectors), a portion of the population is excluded from part of this knowledge because categories of analysis of geographic data such as borders, territory, and space can only be understood by people who can see. This paper deals with the development of a model of interpretation of topological spatial analysis based on the synthesis of voice and sounds that can be used by the visually impaired (blind).The implementation of a prototype in Google Maps and the usability tests performed are also examined. For the development work it was necessary to define the model of topological spatial analysis, focusing on computational implementation, which allows users to interpret the spatial relationships of regions (countries, states and municipalities), recognizing its limits, neighborhoods and extension beyond their own spatial relationships . With this goal in mind, several interface and usability guidelines were drawn up to be used by the visually impaired (blind). We conducted a detailed study of the Google Maps API (Application Programming Interface), which was the environment selected for prototype development, and studied the information available for the users of that system. The prototype was developed based on the synthesis of voice and sounds that implement the proposed model in C # language and in .NET environment. To measure the efficiency and effectiveness of the prototype, usability tests were conducted with the visually impaired (blind). The qualitative and quantitative analysis of samples demonstrated the feasibility of the model and its computational implementation. The prototype is being used at a special school for the visually impaired (blind) and has helped and benefited approximately 500 people.

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