Journal of
Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics
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ISSN: 1690-4524 (Online)


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Editorial Advisory Board's Chair
William Lesso

Editor-in-Chief
Nagib C. Callaos


Sponsored by
The International Institute of
Informatics and Systemics

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No Warranty Express or Implied: Why Do We Have So Many Problems With the Computer Systems That Pervade Our Lives?
John W. Coffey
(pages: 1-6)

Can You Hear Me Now? An Innovative Approach to Assess and Build Connections with Online Learner’s
Tina M. Serafini, Risa Blair
(pages: 7-11)

End-to-end Security with Translation
Kevin E. Foltz
(pages: 12-17)

(Assistive) Technology at the Point of Instruction: Barriers and Possibilities
Lorayne Robertson
(pages: 18-24)

Supplementing Multiple Modalities and Universal Design in Learning with Goal-Setting
Russell Jay Hendel
(pages: 25-30)

Experts Informing Experts
Robert Hammond
(pages: 31-35)

Internet of Things – A New Epistemic Object
Rolf Dornberger, Terry Inglese, Safak Korkut
(pages: 36-44)

An Experiment in Interdisciplinary STEM Education: Insights from the Catholic Intellectual Tradition
Fr. Joseph R. Laracy, Thomas Marlowe, Fr. Gerald J. Buonopane
(pages: 45-53)

Big History Understanding of Complexity, Informatics and Cybernetics
John L. Motloch
(pages: 54-60)

Flourishing Organizations
Maria Jakubik
(pages: 61-72)

Pros & Cons of Smart ICT in Some Governmental Applications
Dusan Soltes
(pages: 73-75)

Information Exchange in Vehicles Ad-Hock Networks
Tomas Zelinka
(pages: 76-80)

Living in a Digital World: Improving Skills to Meet the Challenges of Digital Transformation Through Authentic and Game-Based Learning
Margit Scholl, Frauke Fuhrmann
(pages: 81-86)

Psychotherapy via the Internet as a Novel Tool for Clinical Use
Ulrich Sprick
(pages: 87-94)

Technology Intercepts for Cyber Security Applied to Critical Infrastructures
Mario La Manna
(pages: 95-100)

“And Then a Miracle Occurs …” – Engaging the Challenge of Operationalizing Theories of Success in Digital Transformation
Michael Von Kutzschenbach
(pages: 101-105)

Multidisciplinary Learning Extends Communication Skill, and Helps Cross Cultural Understandings: Biomedical Engineering
Shigehiro Hashimoto
(pages: 106-112)

Integrating Teaching, Research and Problem Solving: An Experience in Progress in the Mucuri Valley Region (Brazil)
Leônidas Conceição Barroso
(pages: 113-118)

Meeting Learning Challenges in Product Design Education with and through Additive Manufacturing
William Lavatelli Kempton, Steinar Killi, Andrew Morrison
(pages: 119-129)

Creating and Using Symbolic Mental Structures via Piaget’s Constructivism and Popper’s Three Worlds View with Falsifiability to Achieve Critical Thinking by Students in the Physical Sciences
Matthew E. Edwards
(pages: 130-134)

Creativity in Higher Education: Comparative Genetic Analyses on the Dopaminergic System in Relation to Creativity, Addiction, Schizophrenia in Humans and Non-Human Primates
Bernard Wallner, Sonja Windhager, Katrin Schaefer, Martin Fieder
(pages: 135-142)


 

Abstracts

 


ABSTRACT


Model Interpretation of Topological Spatial Analysis for the Visually Impaired (Blind) Implemented in Google Maps

Marcelo Franco Porto, João Francisco De Abreu, Renata Maria Abrantes Baracho


The technological innovations promote the availability of geographic information on the Internet through Web GIS such as Google Earth and Google Maps. These systems contribute to the teaching and diffusion of geographical knowledge that instigates the recognition of the space we live in, leading to the creation of a spatial identity. In these products available on the Web, the interpretation and analysis of spatial information gives priority to one of the human senses: vision. Due to the fact that this representation of information is transmitted visually (image and vectors), a portion of the population is excluded from part of this knowledge because categories of analysis of geographic data such as borders, territory, and space can only be understood by people who can see. This paper deals with the development of a model of interpretation of topological spatial analysis based on the synthesis of voice and sounds that can be used by the visually impaired (blind).The implementation of a prototype in Google Maps and the usability tests performed are also examined. For the development work it was necessary to define the model of topological spatial analysis, focusing on computational implementation, which allows users to interpret the spatial relationships of regions (countries, states and municipalities), recognizing its limits, neighborhoods and extension beyond their own spatial relationships . With this goal in mind, several interface and usability guidelines were drawn up to be used by the visually impaired (blind). We conducted a detailed study of the Google Maps API (Application Programming Interface), which was the environment selected for prototype development, and studied the information available for the users of that system. The prototype was developed based on the synthesis of voice and sounds that implement the proposed model in C # language and in .NET environment. To measure the efficiency and effectiveness of the prototype, usability tests were conducted with the visually impaired (blind). The qualitative and quantitative analysis of samples demonstrated the feasibility of the model and its computational implementation. The prototype is being used at a special school for the visually impaired (blind) and has helped and benefited approximately 500 people.

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