Journal of
Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics
 



ISSN: 1690-4524 (Online)


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Honorary Editorial Advisory Board's Chair
William Lesso (1931-2015)

Editor-in-Chief
Nagib C. Callaos


Sponsored by
The International Institute of
Informatics and Systemics

www.iiis.org
 

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Behavior of Cell in Uniform Shear Flow Field between Rotating Cone and Stationary Plate
Shigehiro Hashimoto, Hiromi Sugimoto, Haruka Hino
(pages: 1-7)

Teachers Continuing Professional Development: Trends in European Countries. Towards Teachers' Professionalism
Liliana Budkowska, Pawel Poszytek
(pages: 8-12)

Play, Connect and Learn: Using Mobile Phones to Improve Early Grade Reading Skills at Home
Ira Joshi
(pages: 13-16)

May Parental Reading Behavior Explain the Gender Differences in Subteeners’ Reading Attitude?
Aniko Joó, Erzsébet Dani
(pages: 17-22)

Leadership and Literacy Processes in School Improvement Creating and Supporting a Community of Success: A Case Study Examining the Principal’s Role in the Reconstitution of a Campus to Transform Literacy and Learning
W. Todd Duncan, Lisa E. Colvin
(pages: 23-28)

Rwandan Collaborative Model for Educator Capacity Building
Andrew Moore, Vincentie Nyangoma, Jaco Du Toit, Peter Wallet, Pascal Rukundo
(pages: 29-35)

Do You Know Where Your Students Are? Digital Supervision and Digital Privacy in Schools
Lorayne Robertson, Laurie Corrigan
(pages: 36-42)

A General Case Study of Complexity Science: Analytical and Logical Interconnection Between Soft and Hard Sciences (Invited Paper)
Jack Jia-Sheng Huang, Yu-Heng Jan
(pages: 43-48)

Novel Application of Immobilized Bacillus Cells for Biotreatment of Furfural-Laden Wastewater
Haneen A. Khudhair, Zainab Z. Ismail
(pages: 49-54)

Reliable Sub-Nanosecond Switching of a Perpendicular SOT-MRAM Cell without External Magnetic Field
Viktor Sverdlov, Alexander Makarov, Siegfried Selberherr
(pages: 55-59)

The Methodology and Implementation of Unique Technology Focused Entrepreneurship/Intrepreneurship Programs
Stephen A. Szygenda, Diana M. Easton
(pages: 60-66)

Intelligent Fault Pattern Recognition of Aerial Photovoltaic Module Images Based on Deep Learning Technique
Xiaoxia Li, Qiang Yang, Wenjun Yan, Zhebo Chen
(pages: 67-71)

Real-Time Implementation of Model Predictive Control in a Low-Cost Embedded Device
John Espinoza, Jorge Buele, Esteban X. Castellanos, Marco Pilatásig, Paulina Ayala, Marcelo V. García
(pages: 72-77)

Real-Time Sentimental Polarity Classification on Live Social-Media
Khalid N. Alhayyan, Imran Ahmad
(pages: 78-84)

Information Modeling and Information Retrieval for the Internet of things (IoT) in Buildings
Renata Baracho, Izabella Cunha, Mário Lúcio Pereira Junior
(pages: 85-91)


 

Abstracts

 


ABSTRACT


A Preliminary Study of Pelletized Ecuadorian Cocoa Pod Husk for its Use as a Source of Renewable Energy

Luis Velázquez-Araque, José Cárdenas


In Ecuador, there is a constant need to pursuit energy independence, have created a new industry focused on energy generation by harnessing renewable sources. Biomass is established as the third leading source for producing electricity as the main source for the generation of thermal energy. However, the problems related to the low density of the different types of biomass and the difficulty in carrying and storing have caused the need to generate solids with higher density and stronger hardness known as pellets and briquettes. This paper develops an analysis of the possibilities of pelletizing the Ecuadorian cocoa pod husk and its use as biofuel. Several pellets configurations were proposed based on the diameter and length ratio. An experimental setup was established to crush and screen the cocoa pod husk in order to obtain less than 1.5 mm particle size. Then the pellets were made using a small scale pellet machine and finally burned in a combustion chamber for the evaluation of the energy potential by means of the high heat value and ash content. Finally, the selection of the most energy efficient pellet configuration is made taking into consideration international pellet quality standards as well. This largescale project would represent a cost savings in the Ecuadorian industrial sector leading further to lowering smog emissions into the environment from burning fossil fuels and also it would prevent the cocoa pod husk as a focus for the spread of Phytophthora species which is a main cause of economic losses in the cocoa industry.

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