Journal of
Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics
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ISSN: 1690-4524 (Online)


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Editorial Advisory Board's Chair
William Lesso

Editor-in-Chief
Nagib C. Callaos


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The International Institute of
Informatics and Systemics

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No Warranty Express or Implied: Why Do We Have So Many Problems With the Computer Systems That Pervade Our Lives?
John W. Coffey
(pages: 1-6)

Can You Hear Me Now? An Innovative Approach to Assess and Build Connections with Online Learner’s
Tina M. Serafini, Risa Blair
(pages: 7-11)

End-to-end Security with Translation
Kevin E. Foltz
(pages: 12-17)

(Assistive) Technology at the Point of Instruction: Barriers and Possibilities
Lorayne Robertson
(pages: 18-24)

Supplementing Multiple Modalities and Universal Design in Learning with Goal-Setting
Russell Jay Hendel
(pages: 25-30)

Experts Informing Experts
Robert Hammond
(pages: 31-35)

Internet of Things – A New Epistemic Object
Rolf Dornberger, Terry Inglese, Safak Korkut
(pages: 36-44)

An Experiment in Interdisciplinary STEM Education: Insights from the Catholic Intellectual Tradition
Fr. Joseph R. Laracy, Thomas Marlowe, Fr. Gerald J. Buonopane
(pages: 45-53)

Big History Understanding of Complexity, Informatics and Cybernetics
John L. Motloch
(pages: 54-60)

Flourishing Organizations
Maria Jakubik
(pages: 61-72)

Pros & Cons of Smart ICT in Some Governmental Applications
Dusan Soltes
(pages: 73-75)

Information Exchange in Vehicles Ad-Hock Networks
Tomas Zelinka
(pages: 76-80)

Living in a Digital World: Improving Skills to Meet the Challenges of Digital Transformation Through Authentic and Game-Based Learning
Margit Scholl, Frauke Fuhrmann
(pages: 81-86)

Psychotherapy via the Internet as a Novel Tool for Clinical Use
Ulrich Sprick
(pages: 87-94)

Technology Intercepts for Cyber Security Applied to Critical Infrastructures
Mario La Manna
(pages: 95-100)

“And Then a Miracle Occurs …” – Engaging the Challenge of Operationalizing Theories of Success in Digital Transformation
Michael Von Kutzschenbach
(pages: 101-105)

Multidisciplinary Learning Extends Communication Skill, and Helps Cross Cultural Understandings: Biomedical Engineering
Shigehiro Hashimoto
(pages: 106-112)

Integrating Teaching, Research and Problem Solving: An Experience in Progress in the Mucuri Valley Region (Brazil)
Leônidas Conceição Barroso
(pages: 113-118)

Meeting Learning Challenges in Product Design Education with and through Additive Manufacturing
William Lavatelli Kempton, Steinar Killi, Andrew Morrison
(pages: 119-129)

Creating and Using Symbolic Mental Structures via Piaget’s Constructivism and Popper’s Three Worlds View with Falsifiability to Achieve Critical Thinking by Students in the Physical Sciences
Matthew E. Edwards
(pages: 130-134)

Creativity in Higher Education: Comparative Genetic Analyses on the Dopaminergic System in Relation to Creativity, Addiction, Schizophrenia in Humans and Non-Human Primates
Bernard Wallner, Sonja Windhager, Katrin Schaefer, Martin Fieder
(pages: 135-142)


 

Abstracts

 


ABSTRACT


Hybrid Optical Devices: The Case of the Unification of the Electrochromic Device and the Organic Solar Cell

Andre F. S. Guedes, Vilmar P. Guedes, Simone Tartari, Mônica L. Souza, Idaulo J. Cunha


The development of Hybrid Optical Devices, using some flexible optically transparent substrate material and organic semiconductor materials, has been widely utilized by the organic electronic industry, when manufacturing new technological products. The Hybrid Optical Device is constituted by the union of the electrochromic device and the organic solar cell. The flexible organic photovoltaic solar cells, in this hybrid optical device, have been the Poly base (3-hexyl thiophene), P3HT, Phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester, PCBM and Polyaniline, PANI, all being deposited in Indium Tin Oxide, ITO. In addition, the thin film, obtained by the deposition of PANI, and prepared in perchloric acid solution, has been identified through PANI-X1. In the flexible electrochromic device, the Poly base (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene), PEDOT, has been prepared in Propylene Carbonate, PC, being deposited in Indium Tin Oxide, ITO. Also, both devices have been united by an electrolyte solution prepared with Vanadium Pentoxide, V2O5, Lithium Perchlorate, LiClO4, and Polymethylmethacrylate, PMMA. This device has been characterized through Electrical Measurements, such as UV-Vis Spectroscopy and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). Thus, the result obtained through electrical measurements has demonstrated that the flexible organic photovoltaic solar cell presented the characteristic curve of standard solar cell after spin-coating and electrodeposition. Accordingly, the results obtained with optical and electrical characterization have revealed that the electrochromic device demonstrated some change in optical absorption, when subjected to some voltage difference. Moreover, the inclusion of the V2O5/PANI-X1 layer reduced the effects of degradation that this hybrid organic device caused, that is, solar irradiation. Studies on Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) have found out that the surface of V2O5/PANI-X1 layers can be strongly conditioned by the surface morphology of the dielectric.

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