Journal of
Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics
 



ISSN: 1690-4524 (Online)


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Honorary Editorial Advisory Board's Chair
William Lesso (1931-2015)

Editor-in-Chief
Nagib C. Callaos


Sponsored by
The International Institute of
Informatics and Systemics

www.iiis.org
 

Editorial Advisory Board

Editors

Journal's Reviewers
 

Description and Aims

Submission of Articles

Areas and Subareas

Information to Contributors

Editorial Peer Review Methodology

Integrating Reviewing Processes


Behavior of Cell in Uniform Shear Flow Field between Rotating Cone and Stationary Plate
Shigehiro Hashimoto, Hiromi Sugimoto, Haruka Hino
(pages: 1-7)

Teachers Continuing Professional Development: Trends in European Countries. Towards Teachers' Professionalism
Liliana Budkowska, Pawel Poszytek
(pages: 8-12)

Play, Connect and Learn: Using Mobile Phones to Improve Early Grade Reading Skills at Home
Ira Joshi
(pages: 13-16)

May Parental Reading Behavior Explain the Gender Differences in Subteeners’ Reading Attitude?
Aniko Joó, Erzsébet Dani
(pages: 17-22)

Leadership and Literacy Processes in School Improvement Creating and Supporting a Community of Success: A Case Study Examining the Principal’s Role in the Reconstitution of a Campus to Transform Literacy and Learning
W. Todd Duncan, Lisa E. Colvin
(pages: 23-28)

Rwandan Collaborative Model for Educator Capacity Building
Andrew Moore, Vincentie Nyangoma, Jaco Du Toit, Peter Wallet, Pascal Rukundo
(pages: 29-35)

Do You Know Where Your Students Are? Digital Supervision and Digital Privacy in Schools
Lorayne Robertson, Laurie Corrigan
(pages: 36-42)

A General Case Study of Complexity Science: Analytical and Logical Interconnection Between Soft and Hard Sciences (Invited Paper)
Jack Jia-Sheng Huang, Yu-Heng Jan
(pages: 43-48)

Novel Application of Immobilized Bacillus Cells for Biotreatment of Furfural-Laden Wastewater
Haneen A. Khudhair, Zainab Z. Ismail
(pages: 49-54)

Reliable Sub-Nanosecond Switching of a Perpendicular SOT-MRAM Cell without External Magnetic Field
Viktor Sverdlov, Alexander Makarov, Siegfried Selberherr
(pages: 55-59)

The Methodology and Implementation of Unique Technology Focused Entrepreneurship/Intrepreneurship Programs
Stephen A. Szygenda, Diana M. Easton
(pages: 60-66)

Intelligent Fault Pattern Recognition of Aerial Photovoltaic Module Images Based on Deep Learning Technique
Xiaoxia Li, Qiang Yang, Wenjun Yan, Zhebo Chen
(pages: 67-71)

Real-Time Implementation of Model Predictive Control in a Low-Cost Embedded Device
John Espinoza, Jorge Buele, Esteban X. Castellanos, Marco Pilatásig, Paulina Ayala, Marcelo V. García
(pages: 72-77)

Real-Time Sentimental Polarity Classification on Live Social-Media
Khalid N. Alhayyan, Imran Ahmad
(pages: 78-84)

Information Modeling and Information Retrieval for the Internet of things (IoT) in Buildings
Renata Baracho, Izabella Cunha, Mário Lúcio Pereira Junior
(pages: 85-91)


 

Abstracts

 


ABSTRACT


Recycling of Immobilized Cells for Aerobic Biodegradation of Phenol in a Fluidized Bed Bioreactor

Zainab Z. Ismail, Haneen A. Khudhair


Biodegradation is an environmentally friendly and cost-effective alternative that proved to be efficient for the removal of toxic phenol compounds from aqueous solutions. However, it has been reported that phenol is inhibitory to bacterial growth at concentrations above 0.05 g/L. This study was undertaken to study the degradation of phenol at initial concentrations of 20 mg/L by Bacillus cells individually immobilized in two different matrices including polyvinyl alcohol-sodium alginate (PVA-SA) and polyvinyl alcohol-guar gum (PVA-GG). Results of batch experiments demonstrated that complete removal of phenol was obtained using immobilized cells in the first cycle after 270 and 300 min using cells immobilized in PVA-SA and PVA-GG. Additional cycles were conducted to evaluate the validity of recycling the beads of immobilized cells for phenol biodegradation. Results revealed that the phenol percentage removals were 96, 90, 83, and 75% for the second, third, fourth, and fifth cycles, respectively after 270 min. However, complete removal of phenol was obtained at extended time durations up to 300, 360, and 390 for the second, third, and fourth cycles, respectively. Also, the potential of immobilized cells versus free cells for the degradation of higher phenol concentration up to 50 mg/L was investigated.

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