Journal of
Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics
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ISSN: 1690-4524 (Online)


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Editorial Advisory Board's Chair
William Lesso

Editor-in-Chief
Nagib C. Callaos


Sponsored by
The International Institute of
Informatics and Systemics

www.iiis.org
 

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No Warranty Express or Implied: Why Do We Have So Many Problems With the Computer Systems That Pervade Our Lives?
John W. Coffey
(pages: 1-6)

Can You Hear Me Now? An Innovative Approach to Assess and Build Connections with Online Learner’s
Tina M. Serafini, Risa Blair
(pages: 7-11)

End-to-end Security with Translation
Kevin E. Foltz
(pages: 12-17)

(Assistive) Technology at the Point of Instruction: Barriers and Possibilities
Lorayne Robertson
(pages: 18-24)

Supplementing Multiple Modalities and Universal Design in Learning with Goal-Setting
Russell Jay Hendel
(pages: 25-30)

Experts Informing Experts
Robert Hammond
(pages: 31-35)

Internet of Things – A New Epistemic Object
Rolf Dornberger, Terry Inglese, Safak Korkut
(pages: 36-44)

An Experiment in Interdisciplinary STEM Education: Insights from the Catholic Intellectual Tradition
Fr. Joseph R. Laracy, Thomas Marlowe, Fr. Gerald J. Buonopane
(pages: 45-53)

Big History Understanding of Complexity, Informatics and Cybernetics
John L. Motloch
(pages: 54-60)

Flourishing Organizations
Maria Jakubik
(pages: 61-72)

Pros & Cons of Smart ICT in Some Governmental Applications
Dusan Soltes
(pages: 73-75)

Information Exchange in Vehicles Ad-Hock Networks
Tomas Zelinka
(pages: 76-80)

Living in a Digital World: Improving Skills to Meet the Challenges of Digital Transformation Through Authentic and Game-Based Learning
Margit Scholl, Frauke Fuhrmann
(pages: 81-86)

Psychotherapy via the Internet as a Novel Tool for Clinical Use
Ulrich Sprick
(pages: 87-94)

Technology Intercepts for Cyber Security Applied to Critical Infrastructures
Mario La Manna
(pages: 95-100)

“And Then a Miracle Occurs …” – Engaging the Challenge of Operationalizing Theories of Success in Digital Transformation
Michael Von Kutzschenbach
(pages: 101-105)

Multidisciplinary Learning Extends Communication Skill, and Helps Cross Cultural Understandings: Biomedical Engineering
Shigehiro Hashimoto
(pages: 106-112)

Integrating Teaching, Research and Problem Solving: An Experience in Progress in the Mucuri Valley Region (Brazil)
Leônidas Conceição Barroso
(pages: 113-118)

Meeting Learning Challenges in Product Design Education with and through Additive Manufacturing
William Lavatelli Kempton, Steinar Killi, Andrew Morrison
(pages: 119-129)

Creating and Using Symbolic Mental Structures via Piaget’s Constructivism and Popper’s Three Worlds View with Falsifiability to Achieve Critical Thinking by Students in the Physical Sciences
Matthew E. Edwards
(pages: 130-134)

Creativity in Higher Education: Comparative Genetic Analyses on the Dopaminergic System in Relation to Creativity, Addiction, Schizophrenia in Humans and Non-Human Primates
Bernard Wallner, Sonja Windhager, Katrin Schaefer, Martin Fieder
(pages: 135-142)


 

Abstracts

 


ABSTRACT


Computer Assisted Testing of Spoken English: A Study of the SFLEP College English Oral Test System in China

John Lowe, Xin Yu


This paper reports on the on-going evaluation of a computer-assisted system (CEOTS) for the assessing of spoken English skills among Chinese university students. This system is being developed to deal with the negative backwash effects of the present system of assessment of speaking skills which is only available to a tiny minority. We present data from a survey of students at the developing institution (USTC), with follow-up interviews and further interviews with English language teachers, to gauge the reactions to the test and its impact on language learning. We identify the key issue as being one of validity, with a tension existing between construct and consequential validities of the existing system and of CEOTS. We argue that a computer-based system seems to offer the only solution to the negative backwash problem but the development of the technology required to meet current construct validity demands makes this a very long term prospect. We suggest that a compromise between the competing forms of validity must therefore be accepted, probably well before a computer-based system can deliver the level of interaction with the examinees that would emulate the present face-to-face mode.

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