Journal of
Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics

 ISSN: 1690-4524 (Online)    DOI: 10.54808/JSCI


The Embodiment Dimension While Learning and Teaching in a Virtual World
Martine Gadille, Maria Antonietta Impedovo
Pages: 1-8
The paper focuses on the features of embodiment configurations when using the virtual world in the classroom. The context is a secondary school (students aged 11-15) adopting an educational immersive 3D virtual world. We conducted participant observation, collecting video-audio records supported by a student focus group and teachers’ interviews. The analytical framework of this paper draws on the iterative interaction of the complex arrangement of bodies and objects in physical and virtual settings. Our results highlight the dynamic ways in which the arrangement of bodies and material acted as a mediational means between real and virtual settings.

Training Based Change Management Problem for Social Innovation
Mariann Somosi Veresné, György Kocziszky, Zoltán Nagy, Krisztina Varga
Pages: 9-17
The geopolitical transformation in Eastern European countries has created greater social tensions than ever before, and resolving them is a constant challenge for the governments of the region. In this situation, researches on social innovation in support of economic development have become very important. The authors have been studying social innovation for nearly 8 years, with particular reference to the methodology for measuring and generating innovation potential at mezo level. One of the main directions of our research is the neuro-fuzzy model based on social learning, which defines possible social innovation solutions in a settlement-specific way. The other area of study is the change management process within which defining an appropriate training strategy and concept is one of the relevant issues in managing resistance in the operation and management of the settlement. This article presents a novel multi-level, value-driven training model that is based on special logic and can serve multiple target groups. Its applicability was tested in 52 settlements. We describe good practice implemented in a typical segregated community.

ALM Program: Ten Years of Educational Technology Interventions at the Faculty of Medicine at the Oldest National University in Perú
Maritza Placencia Medina, Javier Silva Valencia, Víctor Mechan Mendez, Rosa Pando Álvarez, Margot R. Quintana Salinas, Jorge R. Carreño Escobedo, Elías J. Carrasco Escobedo, Carlos A. Saavedra Castillo, Yanelli K. Ascacivar Placencia
Pages: 18-23
Due to its benefits to promote student participation, develop skills, and strengthen the relationship with the teacher; Active learning methodologies (ALM) must be a priority in the university system. However, its optimal and massive use is still low.

Since 2008, a program was initiated to facilitate the correct implementation of ALM in the Faculty of Medicine of the National University of San Marcos (UNMSM). In this paper, we explain holistically the interventions and results of multiple projects: Innovations in Problem Based Learning (PBL) and Information and Communication Technologies (ICT).

Significant achievements were made among students and empowering teachers in the use of computer databases and design of competency-based evaluation matrix. A virtual simulation laboratory was created, fostering a transdisciplinary exchange that strengthened the academic activity. We show the methodologies used and student perception in subjects such as Pharmacology, one of the most difficult in the medical career and which served as an intervention model.

Electric Discharge - Not an Impact Caused Formation of Upheaval Dome, Canyonlands National Park, Utah
Robert Hawthorne Jr.
Pages: 24-34
This paper will provide an argument that Upheaval Dome, Canyonlands National Park, Utah, USA is a product of Electrical Discharge Machining (EDM). Currently two theories remain from a myriad of possible theories for the site’s formation, the first being a prehistoric salt diapir, or dome that has completely eroded away; the second theory being that of impact origin from either a meteor or even a comet. This paper will provide evidence for a more plausible theory that electric discharge can provide the temperatures and forces necessary to shock quartz crystals similar to those found in meteorites and other tektites. Experimental evidence will be provided from an individual who uses a low-pressure chamber to form cratering patterns and demonstrates Transient Lunar Phenomenon (TLP), or moon flashes, without impacts. Information will be given on fulgurites, or rocks formed from lightning and are melted into glass. Also, how this vitrification mechanism can be attributed to a new form of the mineral analcime, commonly called the Obsession Stone, which is considered as possible ejecta from the Upheaval Dome site.

A Technique for Program and Project Portfolio Prioritization: RAB2/E Matrix
Altino José Mentzingen de Moraes
Pages: 35-40
The propose of this paper is to present some Techniques those can be use as tool for Program and Project Portfolio Prioritization according the aspects of the solution to be build and external facts that can be perceived. After that, any Project Management Methodology – such as PMBoK© [1], PRINCE2® [2] and ZOPP [3] – can be applied to control the tasks which have to be done. Beyond this propose, also this article introduces a new Technique as an extended version of Matriz RAB - Rapidez, Autonomia e Benefício (RAB Matrix - Rapidity, Autonomy and Benefit) [4] which will be called as “Matriz RAB2/E - Rapidez, Autonomia e Benefício / Estendida” (“RAB2/E Matrix - Rapidity, Autonomy and Benefit / Extended”).

System Design of WiFi-Signaling Based Accurate Occupancy Detection Scheme
Yukina Miwa, Akari Ushiyama, Hijiri Komura, Katsuhiro Naito
Pages: 41-46
Indoor location systems are the key technology to provide the location of a human or a device in indoor space. Since WiFi technology has been spread in various spaces, WiFi is the practical standard to realize the indoor location systems. As a receiver can typically find some WiFi access points (APs), indoor location systems use multiple signals from some APs to estimate a position. Initial systems use Received Signal Strength (RSS) as the measurement of distance because RSS decreases according to the distance between AP and a receiver. Recently, more practical service using indoor location systems has been discussed. This paper proposes an occupancy detection scheme based on a WiFi-based indoor location system. The proposed scheme tracks users’ smartphone devices as a human location. The location of a human in a room is useful information to manage human resources efficiently. Therefore, some systems track a beacon tag to estimate the location or typical location systems use WiFi signals from several APs to estimate a location. As a result, the conventional systems require a special beacon tag or special tracking application to realize the human location system. On the contrary, the proposed system uses users’ smartphones instead of special devices or applications. In this situation, the proposed system must track all WiFi devices that do not associate with a WiFi access point. Therefore WiFi APs cannot detect all users’ devices. The proposed scheme focuses on the WiFi signaling process to detect a user’s device and estimates the location of a user’s device. The WiFi signal receivers detect a probe request message from a user’s device because a probe request message should be transmitted even if the user’s device does not associate an AP. We have developed a prototype system to evaluate the performance.

The Perception of the Urban Quality of Life Index in the Context of Smart Cities
Mariana Lima, Renata Baracho
Pages: 47-53
The implementation of innovations in Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in urban areas provides more interconnected and harmonized cities, favoring the development of a new citizen experience with respect to the access and use of public services. The Urban Quality of Life Index (IQVU) of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, is responsible for quantifying the availability of services from the analysis of different variables that identify the spatial distribution of infrastructures. However, even though the index offers greater insight for city management, IQVU does not consider user perception in its measurement. Collaborative mapping initiatives and crowd mapping, are digital cartographic methods capable of collecting and transmitting information about urban behavior, using citizens itself as the observer and regulator of events. This paper aims to validate areas with the highest quality of urban life through the overlap of IQVU information and crowd mapping initiatives in Belo Horizonte. This research focuses on the role of collaborative mapping as a fundamental tool for developing better representations of issues that affect urban planning, as well as for developing solid forms of civic engagement and social innovation.

Simon Says: "Send Money"
Patrick N. Conrad, Luay A. Wahsheh
Pages: 54-55
Social engineering attacks have increased dramatically in the past few years. The case study that is described in this work involves the deception of a subordinate by someone posing as his or her superior. The attacker assumes the identity of a high-level person in the company, usually a Chief Executive Officer (CEO) whose actions are rarely questioned. The attacker poses as the CEO through a spoofed email address or even one that looks similar to the correct one, and then sends a message to his or her assistant or another person in the company that fields the CEO’s requests. The message requests funds to be transferred through various methods ranging from wire transfers, credit card payments, and even the purchase of store gift cards. We believe that social engineering attacks that threaten personal and organizational information can be prevented by creating a cyber security awareness culture. Increasing awareness by drawing attention to the social engineering case that is discussed in this work is a step towards achieving this goal.

Project Based Teaching Was the Answer. But What Is the Question?
Steinar Killi
Pages: 56-60
Project based learning (PBL) has been praised as a teaching method. Lecture based teaching has, on the other hand, been regarded as old fashioned, boring, de-motivating and a waste of time [1] . “Tell me and I will forget it, show me, and I may remember, involve me and I will understand”, a proverb attributed to Aristotle (394 – 322 BC), has served as a beacon for project based learning.

This paper reflects on different teaching models, on learning motivations and on the questions that need to be asked when deciding which teaching models to use. Do we sometimes abandon good methods for the wrong reasons, or stick to methods that may not be the correct ones?

A learning model is presented and its implications for PBL and lectures are discussed.

A rudimentary example of e-learning tools sheds some light on the potential of lectures.

Concept Design of Estimation Scheme for Social Graph Based on Occupancy Time in Space
Akari Ushiyama, Yukina Miwa, Shotaro Osaki, Yuki Yamada, Katsuhiro Naito
Pages: 61-67
Taking care of students is effective work to avoid repeating a year or dropping out in education institutes. As taking care process, human relations among students is a related factor to find a care-required student. Additionally, dynamic changes in human relations require continuous recognition of students to taking care. As the recognition scheme of students, indoor positioning methods are candidate technology to track students with cheap wireless devices. Bluetooth, WiFi, and IEEE 802.1.5.4 are usually used for conventional service according to the decreasing costs of the devices. Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) is the low energy standard of Bluetooth and is suitable for long operation with a battery. Since the authors have been proposed a concept design of an estimation scheme for social graph based on occupancy time in space, this paper extends the proposed position estimation scheme. It evaluates the estimation performance of the grid position as the fundamental location information for the social graph estimation. The proposed scheme uses a BLE beacon to track each student and recognizes a student share time in the same space. It also estimates social relations among students. We have developed a prototype system for tracking BLE beacon and estimating a location according to RSS values from the BLE beacon. In the evaluation, we have developed a special classifier to estimate a grid position according to the received RSS values. The classifier is trained by actual measurement data. The evaluation results show that the classifier can estimate a correct grid position with more than 90% by receiving one set of RSS values.

Building Competence: Expectations, Experience, and Evaluation of E-Government as a Topic in Administration Programs at the TH Wildau – A Case Study (Invited Paper)
Margit Christa Scholl
Pages: 68-78
The paper presents two new degree programs in administra-tion from the German university system as well as lectures focusing on e-government and the questions of how competence in this area can be created and what the students’ expectations and experience are of the IT Planning Council’s modernization projects. It transpired that students were as yet unfamiliar with many of the projects, and there was no public analysis and detailed evaluation of these projects, which suggests that the council is not fully exploiting their marketing potential to promote citizen education and participation.