Journal of
Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics

ISSN: 1690-4524 (Online)

Peer Reviewed Journal via three different mandatory reviewing processes, since 2006, and, from September 2020, a fourth mandatory peer-editing has been added.

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Published by
The International Institute of Informatics and Cybernetics

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(A Community of about 40.000.000 Academics)

Honorary Editorial Advisory Board's Chair
William Lesso (1931-2015)

Nagib C. Callaos

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The International Institute of
Informatics and Systemics

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Transdisciplinary Communication as a Meta-Framework of Digital Education
Rusudan Makhachashvili, Ivan Semenist
(pages: 1-6)

Multidisciplinary Learning Using Online Networking in Biomedical Engineering
Shigehiro Hashimoto
(pages: 7-12)

Augmented Intelligence for Advancing Healthcare
Mohammad Ilyas
(pages: 13-19)

A Transdisciplinary Approach to Refereeal
Russell Jay Hendel
(pages: 20-25)

The Impact of Convictions on Interlocking Systems
Teresa Henkle Langness
(pages: 26-33)

Collaborative Convergence: Finding the Language for Trans-Disciplinary Communication to Occur
Cristo Leon, James Lipuma
(pages: 34-37)

Bridging the Gap Between the World of Education and the World of Business via Standards to Develop Competences of the Future at Universities
Paweł Poszytek
(pages: 38-42)

Multidisciplinary Learning for Multifaceted Thinking in Globalized Society
Shigehiro Hashimoto
(pages: 43-48)

From Spirituality to Technontology in Education
Florent Pasquier
(pages: 49-52)

Differentiated Learning and Digital Game Based Learning: The KIDEDU Project
Eleni Tsami
(pages: 53-57)

Emerging Role of Artificial Intelligence
Mohammad Ilyas
(pages: 58-65)

Practicing Transdisciplinarity and Trans-Domain Approaches in Education: Theory of and Communication in Values and Knowledge Education (VaKE)
Jean-Luc Patry
(pages: 66-71)

Reflexive Practice for Inter and Trans Disciplinary Research in the Third Millennium
Maria Grazia Albanesi
(pages: 72-76)





European Trends in Privacy: How can we increase internet security and protect individual privacy?

Soren Duus Ostergaard

In the aftermath of September 11 2001 security has been at the top of any Government or Enterprise agenda. Scrutinizing flight passenger lists, conference participants’ background, customers’ profile and securing access to public and private databases through gateways has become a standard way of doing things. Legislation has been put in place which in many countries give the authorities increased right to analyze personal data ? In some cases overriding existing privacy legislation.

In a networked world everybody leaves traces that are personally individually identifiable (PII). When we use our mobile phone, the cell network provider knows the location you are in and the time of the call. When you browse a bookstore on the internet, an applet will tell the web-site owner of your buying habits - and the moment you make a purchase on the net, you leave behind a sign of your reading habits and intellectual preferences. When you use your credit card on the net to buy flowers, the address of the receiver is recorded and related to your ID. If you are under medical treatment and receive medicine, the prescription will inform about your deceases. Under which circumstances do you want this information to be revealed?

Most countries as well as the European Union and its member countries have since long been aware of the potential threat against personal integrity in case a malevolent organization got hold of all this information. And now Governments in most countries are becoming increasingly interested in accessing personal information to prevent terrorism and establish an electronic surveillance of dubious elements in the society.

This paper intends to describe how IT solutions with a special focus on the public sector could be developed and deployed that will help organizations as well as individuals to protect their personally identifiable information, set up policies that will be translated to watch dogs that will ensure that these policies are followed when allowing external or internal users to access the information and later ensure that audit can be performed which will log any use of data.

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