Journal of
Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics
 


ABSTRACTS


   





Exploration of Acquisition Based Dynamic Capabilities Underpinning a Reinvention of Business Models in Technology-Related M&A Process
Andrejs Cirjevskis
(Pages: 1-6)

The purpose of the current paper is to examine how multiple dynamic capabilities might be aligning in M&A process and complement the reinvention of a business model of merging company in the technology-enabled industry. Our primary theoretical contribution is emerging conceptual model of research that bridges acquisition based dynamic capabilities framework with a business model canvas together and illustrates how acquisition based dynamic capabilities underpin a reinvention of building blocks of business models in M&A processes. The presented conceptual model encourages practitioners to grasp an exact relationship between micro-foundations of each perspective. Overall, the paper deepens the conversation at the nexus of dynamic capabilities and reinvention of a business model in pursuing a new customer value proposition in M&A process.




Hurricane Irma 2017: Relationships with Lightning, Gravity, and Earthquakes
Bruce Leybourne
(Pages: 7-13)

Hurricane Irma, 2017, along with other storm systems (Fig. 1) howling winds and grounding lightning (Fig. 2), tracked Caribbean mantle circuits along the tectonic trenches of Puerto Rico and Cuba. Mantle circuit trends can be mapped with mantle gravity signatures (Fig. 3). Irma turned north from Cuba making south Florida landfall, 30 miles southeast of Ft. Meyers, precisely where concentration of lightning hotspot activity shifted to in 2016 [2]. Previously the North American lightning hotspot was located in the Tampa Bay region. This lightning shift to Ft. Meyers correlates to a global shift of lighting activity from the African Congo to Lake Maracaibo in Venezuela. Our research indicates the shift in lighting activity signals a charging phase of the East Pacific Rise (EPR)… the Earth’s largest mantle circuit [3]. This circuit grounds and modulates lighting activity to the South Pole. EPR mantle circuits activate in phase with increases in Venezuelan and Florida lightning as well as a seismic activation [4] of El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO). The Southeast Indian Ridge mantle circuit provides the South Polar grounding link to lighting activity in the Congo. Solar magnetic space weather activates Stellar Transformer mantle induction circuits during large variations in magnetism. This episodic activation modulates hurricane frequency, lightning hotspot activity influences earthquake and volcanic activity and has links to certain types of wildfire outbreak [5].

[2] Albrecht, R. I., S. J. Goodman, D. E. Buechler, R. J. Blakeslee, and H. J. Christian, Where are the lightning hotspots on Earth?, Bulletin American Meteorology Soc. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-14-00193.1, 2016. See News Article @: www.northcollierfire.com/wpcontent/ uploads/2016/05/Latest-News-Lightning-Capital-of- US.pdf

[3] Leybourne, B.A., James ‘Mick’ Davis, Giovanni P. Gregori, John M. Quinn, and N. Christian Smoot, Evolution of Earth as a Stellar Transformer, New Concepts in Global Tectonics Journal, V. 5, No. 1, March 2017, pp. 144-155. See: www.iascc.org/the-science.

[4] Walker, D.A., More evidence indicates link between El Ninos and seismicity. EOS Trans. AGU. 76 (33) 1995.

[5] Leybourne, B.A., A. Haas, B. Orr, N.S. Smoot, I. Bhat, D. Lewis, G. Gregori, Electrical wildfire propagation along geomagnetic anomalies, The 8th World Multi-Conference on Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics, Orlando, FL., (July 18-24) 2004, pp. 298.




Different Methodologies in Treating Uncertainty (Invited Paper)
Areeg Abdalla
(Pages: 14-19)

Uncertainty is unavoidable when dealing with data. The errors in measurements, limitations of measuring tools, or imprecise definition of linguistic variables may result in different types of uncertainty. These ambiguities may be due to vagueness in data which results from the imprecise boundaries of data sets; inconsistency that reflects conflict and contradiction between sets; qualitative description of data which sometimes taken by expertise; or some other type. Ignoring dealing with these types of uncertainty affects the reliability of research and the validity of the results.

This article presents three approaches to treat uncertainty using fuzzy logic, intuitionistic logic, and neutrosophic logic and their methodologies in treating these kinds of ambiguity. Fuzzy logic and neutrosophic logic are used in building Rule-based Classification Systems. Different comparisons are presented to illustrate the importance of choosing the suitable logic to tackle the uncertainty in different data sets. These approaches are applied on six real world data sets; Iris, Wine, Wisconsin Diagnostic Breast Cancer, Seeds, Pima, and Statlog (Heart); which are available on UCI Machine Learning Repository web site. The results show that the type of uncertainty in the data set plays a great role in choosing the appropriate logic.




Extension to the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM): For Elderly
Sandra-Dinora Orantes-Jiménez, María-Elena Reyes-Castellanos, Guohua Sun
(Pages: 20-27)

This research was aimed at the use of technology by elderly, due to the national and global increase in this population sector, which has its own characteristics, since it is considered care for the elderly, a global trend.

For this reason, this article presents an extension of the TAM (Technology Acceptance Model), which is one of the most used models and has proven to be effective, to predict the use of any technology and in this case, providing a perspective focused on the older adult and in this new extension, external variables are integrated, establishing the relationship between the proposed variables and the variables of the original TAM model.




A Tale of Interdisciplinary Studies: Communication Systems Engineering
Ran Giladi
(Pages: 28-33)

Two decades ago an interdisciplinary undergraduate program for Communication Systems Engineering was planned and suggested by Ben-Gurion University and approved by the Council for Higher Education of the State of Israel. Since then, hundreds of students have enrolled in this program and graduated successfully, and graduate programs in CSE were offered. The interdisciplinary nature of the undergraduate program enabled students to resolve their uncertainties over whether to study hardware- or software-oriented engineering programs. Many considered the CSE program a remarkable success during its early years, as it responded to the Israeli high-tech industry’s requirements and the students’ expectations. The graduate engineers of this program met the industry’s desperate requirements for skilled engineers in networking, communication equipment, and software during the pre- and post-bubble era of the Internet boom. However, a few years after its inception, this undergraduate program, or the department running it, or both, started to decline in many respects, mainly in the demand for this program, to the point where the department even considered closing it down. The decrease in demand stands in contradiction to the satisfaction of both students and graduates. This paper briefly describes this interdisciplinary undergraduate program, and the factors that could have influenced its success or failure.




An Educational Framework for Decision-Making and Problem-Solving
Ariyoshi Kusumi, Kayoko Kobayashi
(Pages: 34-38)

Considering the importance of promoting students’ critical thinking in environmental education, we focused on developing an educational framework for promoting private decision-making making, in other words, for judgment. First, articles with suggestions for doing so, published in Environmental Education Research and the Journal of Environmental Education during the last 15 years, were reviewed for worldwide trends. Additionally, those from the Japanese Journal of Environmental Education were reviewed for Japanese trends. Treatises with keywords such as judgment or decision-making were quite limited. Referring to the few treatises related to development of an educational framework for decision-making or judgment, we proposed a framework of five steps: 1) designing alternatives to judge between/among, 2) listing potential perspectives for judging alternatives, 3) organizing and categorizing potential perspectives into a minimum number of perspectives, 4) judging (selecting an alternative) from each perspective, and 5) comprehensive judging (selecting an alternative). Based on this educational framework for judgment, sample teaching materials for judging the necessity of using nuclear power in Japan were developed and tested. These obtained the desired level of usefulness and appropriateness of the teaching material, and involving more samples in future research based on the appropriateness of the framework of this study would confirm these results.




The Equilibrium and Risk Analysis of Internet Finance under Social Networks Influence
Chuanmin Mi, Qing Zhang, Ching-Torng Lin
(Pages: 39-43)

The development of the Internet finance makes the financial network become increasingly complex. Considering of the characteristics of Internet finance and relationship level, a framework including multitiered Internet financial network with investors, Internet financial intermediaries, traditional financial intermediaries and investees was proposed. Increasing relationship levels in our framework are assumed to reduce transaction costs as well as risk and to have some additional value for the decision-makers. From the perspective of cash flow, the competitive and cooperative relationships between various decision-makers were explicated, as well as their behavior and optimality conditions. We found that the decision-makers compete within a tier and cooperate between ties to optimize the whole Internet financial supernetwork. Under the Internet environment, the various decision makers face greater credit risk and operational risk, credit risk and operational risk brought about by the problem is more outstanding. The relationship level has little effect on investors' decision, but it mainly influences the behavior of Internet financial intermediaries and the traditional financial intermediaries.




Automating Open Source Software License Information Generation in Software Projects
Sergius Dyck, Daniel Haferkorn, Christian Kerth, André Schoebel
(Pages: 44-49)

This publication deals with Open Source Software (OSS) compliance. In a previous publication [1], we presented an organizational-technical concept for ensuring basic OSS compliance. Based on this concept, we now address further aspects that are essential to OSS compliance. Our focus is on methods for avoiding license infringements by automated generation of OSS notice lists.

We describe means to manage OSS license (OSSL) information of directly and indirectly used OSS. We use methods for establishing a common domain language based on a Domain-Driven Design (DDD) approach that leads to a better communication between experts from different fields, e.g., technical and domain experts, when discussing OSS compliance and developing our solutions. Furthermore, we present already existing Maven tools as well as self-developed Java tools, which make it possible to store the information that has been gained during the OSS compliance process in a structured way. With the aid of said tools, this information can then be used to create the lists of used OSS suitable for internal audits, external software deployments and software deliveries automatically to reduce manual effort and risk of errors.




Methodology for GIS-Based Assessment of Rural School Transport Routes in Espírito Santo, Brazil
Marcelo Franco Porto, Nilson Tadeu Ramos Nunes, Raphael Bruno Alves Teixeira, Patrícia Baracho Porto, Lucas Vinícius Ribeiro Alves, Renata Maria Abrantes Baracho
(Pages: 50-54)

Given the difficulties and high costs of providing school transportation in rural areas, the UFMG School of Engineering, in partnership with the government of Espirito Santo, have developed a route optimization software. The present article presents a methodology for the assessment of existing routes using ArcGIS software. The municipality of Linhares was chosen as a case study. The results of the GIS-based analysis and the optimization demonstrate that it is possible to significantly reduce the cost, and therefore excessive spending of public funds in rural school transportation.




Ethnography with Intercultural Competence and Visual Thinking for Real Life Problem Solving
Sukjin Kang, Seungryul Lee
(Pages: 55-57)

This paper studies the positive effect of ethnographic methods in natural environments, and the significance of symbolic interpretation of research by adopting Viktor Chklovski’s conception, defamiliarization. This literary term is reoriented here to overcoming learned helplessness through direct contact and intensive face-to-face involvement with research subjects as a way to reach self-actualization.

This paper explores the influence of culture and the necessity of fostering intercultural competence in face-to-face interpersonal encounters. Contextual intelligence, the ability to understand the limits of knowledge and to adapt knowledge to an environment different from the one in which it was developed, must all be considered to establish richer heuristics based upon ethnographic research.

Additionally, it studies the power of visual thinking in an inspiration space and an ideation space in which every possible source of idea is explored. By merging visual thinking with ethnography, we can effectively capture the hidden nature of the research subjects and realize our utmost potentials.




Spatialization of Medical Care in the Private Network of the Metropolitan Region of Belo Horizonte (Brazil) from 2007 to 2016
Carlos Miguel Freire Silva, Leônidas Conceição Barroso
(Pages: 58-63)

The spatial distribution of doctors is a subject of great value to society, since it is a factor that relates to the social welfare of the population in any locality, since they are the main providers of health services. In addition, the guarantee of universal access to health services is a worrying challenge. This work contributes to minimizing the impact of the imbalance of medical distribution. For this, there were elaborated and displayed temporal cartographic information of the Metropolitan Region of Belo Horizonte (RMBH), located in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, which demonstrate the dynamics of the organization over the last years. In this way the approach of the geography of health was used, using the tools of statistics under the optics of spatial analysis and technological support of geographic information systems. The distribution of health care has presented significant concentration in the capital, without change over the years even with the growth of the population contingent in the surrounding cities.




Broadband Enabled Fabric for Public Libraries in Canada
Mirza Kamaludeen, Salam Ismaeel, Franca Petrocelli, Carm Scarfo, Soussan Tabari
(Pages: 64-69)

Public libraries provide essential services to their communities through broadband Internet technologies. Broadband enables millions of people in these libraries to have access to e-government, employment, education, training, health, social networking and many other Internet-enabled services and resources. The public library service context is one in which multiple public access computers and mobile devices connected via the library’s Wi-Fi are in continuous use as they access services and resources, often using the same connection.

In this work used to 1) estimate the required bandwidth per user in a public library through identifying applications used in different areas at public libraries. Then, estimate the bandwidth required for each target area; 2) recommend a systematic approach to determining the number of active users (in-branch cardholders or community member) to the resident population served by the library; 3) recommend best practice minimum and maximum bandwidth required to serve an individual library based on the population served.

The intent is to leverage these recommendations to broadband requirements for public libraries across North America, more specifically within the profile of Canadian libraries. The goal is to provide the library sector with a practical guide in determining broadband requirements that will support their digital roadmap.




IT Strategies for Globalization Impact in de the SMEs (Aguascalientes Mexico Case)
Jesús Salvador Vivanco, Ma. del Carmen Martínez
(Pages: 70-73)

The 73.9% of SMEs, in Mexico don’t use Internet in their commercial or industrial activity [9], taking in consideration that Numerous forms of communication, with low costs, leads up to opening the market for consumers throughout the world, the following factor is the impact of modern communication technologies. Rapid changes of all the forms of technology provide a rapid approach. These two factors have influenced the change of power in the market, from producer to consumer or end user, [10], also we have to consider that Globalization has systemically affected the way all firms undertake innovation. First, there has been a growing use of non-internal technology development, both by outsourcing and strategic alliances. Second, products are increasingly multi-technological. This has led to the growing use of networks by all firms, [11]. Throw This research using descriptive methodology, it was detected that using IT as a commercial strategy in Mexican SME’s could be the detonating for increase the SME’s competitiveness in México.




Health Wellness Monitoring Using the Scaling Exponent: A Heartbeat Interval Time Series Analysis
Toru Yazawa, Hiroyuki Kitajima
(Pages: 74-80)

The cardio-vascular control system (CVCS) includes the heart, blood vessels, and neuronal/hormonal regulating systems. Ontogenetically and evolutionally, CVCS is designed, implemented and maintained by multi-cellular components. To endure proper operation as a mixture of different type of cells, CVCS functioning is automated with complex interaction with each other. When a certain state of CVCS becomes a malfunctioned state, physicians acknowledge that CVCS’s sickness might get started even the malfunctioned state is acute and temporary. However, it is not easy to quantify the state of CVCS. Using the scaling exponent (SI, scaling index), we have recently introduced a novel health technology to check CVCS’s state, which is “modified detrended fluctuation analysis (mDFA)”. mDFA-method simply calculates SI based on the electrocardiogram data. If our health wellness conditions are practically healthy, SI is nearly 1.0. If we bear a stressful condition, the value of SI decreases toward to 0.5. Intriguingly, if we would be at risk, for example, we are approaching unpredictable cessation of heart-pumping, we found that SI increase toward 1.5. This mDFA-rule is beneficial and applicable to “hearted” animals, from crustaceans to humans. Here we propose that mDFA can distinguish between healthiness and sickness of CVCS.




Assignment of Resources in Distributed Systems
David L. La Red Martínez, Julio C. Acosta, Federico Agostini
(Pages: 81-87)

In distributed processing systems it is often necessary to coordinate the allocation of shared resources that should be assigned in the processes in the modality of mutual exclusion; in such cases, the order in which the shared resources will be assigned in the processes that require them must be decided; in this paper we propose an aggregation operator (which could be used by a shared resources manager module) that will decide the order of allocation of the resources to the processes considering the requirements of the processes (shared resources) and the state of the distributed nodes where the processes operate (their computational load).