Journal of
Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics
 



ISSN: 1690-4524 (Online)


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Honorary Editorial Advisory Board's Chair
William Lesso (1931-2015)

Editor-in-Chief
Nagib C. Callaos


Sponsored by
The International Institute of
Informatics and Systemics

www.iiis.org
 

Editorial Advisory Board

Editors

Journal's Reviewers
 

Description and Aims

Submission of Articles

Areas and Subareas

Information to Contributors

Editorial Peer Review Methodology

Integrating Reviewing Processes


Detection of Minimal Set of Trips Causing the Necessity to Use Extra Vehicle for Vehicle Scheduling Problem
Katerina Pastircáková, Jaromír Šulc
(pages: 1-4)

Key Factors in the Success of Self - Directed Learning of Military Personnel - Taking Smartphone as an Example
Yen-Hsi Lo, Yen-Fen Lo, Po-Yun Chiang, Jung Hsiao
(pages: 5-8)

Machine Learning Based IP Network Traffic Classification Using Feature Significance Analysis
Te-Shun Chou, John Pickard, Ciprian Popoviciu
(pages: 9-12)

The Information System for US Stock Market: Fundamental and Technical Analysis
Sergejs Hilkevics, Galina Hilkevica
(pages: 13-24)

The Impact of Environmental and Social Performance on the Market Value of Shares of Czech Joint-Stock Corporations
Alena Kocmanova, Marie Pavlakova Docekalova, Iveta Simberova
(pages: 25-31)

Play the Game! Analogue Gamification for Raising Information Security Awareness (Invited Paper)
Margit Scholl
(pages: 32-35)

Using Informatics and Technology Practices for Academic Performance Review
Kim Moorning
(pages: 36-41)

Multiple Research Perspectives as a Paradigm to Co-Create Meaningful Real-life Experiences
Jan Detand, Marina Emmanouil
(pages: 42-46)

A Methodology to Integrate Regulatory Expertise, Research and Education to Accelerate Biomedical Device Translation
Diana Easton
(pages: 47-52)

Active Learning through Smart Grid Model Site in Challenge Based Learning Course
Ellen A. Kalinga, Kwame S. Ibwe, Nerey H. Mvungi, Hannu Tenhunen
(pages: 53-64)

Non-Linear Static Analysis of Masonry Buildings under Seismic Actions
Maria Luisa Beconcini, Paolo Cioni, Pietro Croce, Paolo Formichi, Filippo Landi, Caterina Mochi
(pages: 65-70)

Toward an Engaging Hands-on Environment for a Beginning Networking and Security Class
Lopamudra Roychoudhuri
(pages: 71-76)

Designing Representations, Affecting Reality: A Meta-Model Proposal to Address the Question of Design Epistemology from the Perspective of Cognitive Science
Andrea Zammataro
(pages: 77-80)

Dielectrophoretic Movement of Cell around Surface Electrodes in Flow Channel
Yusuke Takahashi, Shigehiro Hashimoto, Manabu Watanabe
(pages: 81-87)


 

Abstracts

 


ABSTRACT


Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Goal-Directed Reaching in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Feasibility Study

Nicole M. G. Salowitz, Bridget Dolan, Rheanna Remmel, Amy Vaughan Van Hecke, Kristine Mosier, Lucia Simo, Robert A. Scheidt


An unanswered question concerning the neural basis of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) is how sensorimotor deficits in individuals with ASD are related to abnormalities of brain function. We previously described a robotic joystick and video game system that allows us to record functional magnetic resonance images (FMRI) while adult humans make goal-directed wrist motions. We anticipated several challenges in extending this approach to studying goal-directed behaviors in children with ASD and in typically developing (TYP) children. In particular we were concerned that children with autism may express increased levels of anxiety as compared to typically developing children due to the loud sounds and small enclosed space of the MRI scanner. We also were concerned that both groups of children might become restless during testing, leading to an unacceptable amount of head movement. Here we performed a pilot study evaluating the extent to which autistic and typically developing children exhibit anxiety during our experimental protocol as well as their ability to comply with task instructions. Our experimental controls were successful in minimizing group differences in drop-out due to anxiety. Kinematic performance and head motion also were similar across groups. Both groups of children engaged cortical regions (frontal, parietal, temporal, occipital) while making goal-directed movements. In addition, the ASD group exhibited task-related correlations in subcortical regions (cerebellum, thalamus), whereas correlations in the TYP group did not reach statistical significance in subcortical regions. Four distinct regions in frontal cortex showed a significant group difference such that TYP children exhibited positive correlations between the hemodynamic response and movement, whereas children with ASD exhibited negative correlations. These findings demonstrate feasibility of simultaneous application of robotic manipulation and functional imaging to study goal-directed motor behaviors in autistic and typically developing children. The findings also suggest the presence of marked changes in neural activation during a sensorimotor task requiring goal-directed movement.

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