Journal of
Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics
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ISSN: 1690-4524 (Online)


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Editorial Advisory Board's Chair
William Lesso

Editor-in-Chief
Nagib C. Callaos


Sponsored by
The International Institute of
Informatics and Systemics

www.iiis.org
 

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No Warranty Express or Implied: Why Do We Have So Many Problems With the Computer Systems That Pervade Our Lives?
John W. Coffey
(pages: 1-6)

Can You Hear Me Now? An Innovative Approach to Assess and Build Connections with Online Learner’s
Tina M. Serafini, Risa Blair
(pages: 7-11)

End-to-end Security with Translation
Kevin E. Foltz
(pages: 12-17)

(Assistive) Technology at the Point of Instruction: Barriers and Possibilities
Lorayne Robertson
(pages: 18-24)

Supplementing Multiple Modalities and Universal Design in Learning with Goal-Setting
Russell Jay Hendel
(pages: 25-30)

Experts Informing Experts
Robert Hammond
(pages: 31-35)

Internet of Things – A New Epistemic Object
Rolf Dornberger, Terry Inglese, Safak Korkut
(pages: 36-44)

An Experiment in Interdisciplinary STEM Education: Insights from the Catholic Intellectual Tradition
Fr. Joseph R. Laracy, Thomas Marlowe, Fr. Gerald J. Buonopane
(pages: 45-53)

Big History Understanding of Complexity, Informatics and Cybernetics
John L. Motloch
(pages: 54-60)

Flourishing Organizations
Maria Jakubik
(pages: 61-72)

Pros & Cons of Smart ICT in Some Governmental Applications
Dusan Soltes
(pages: 73-75)

Information Exchange in Vehicles Ad-Hock Networks
Tomas Zelinka
(pages: 76-80)

Living in a Digital World: Improving Skills to Meet the Challenges of Digital Transformation Through Authentic and Game-Based Learning
Margit Scholl, Frauke Fuhrmann
(pages: 81-86)

Psychotherapy via the Internet as a Novel Tool for Clinical Use
Ulrich Sprick
(pages: 87-94)

Technology Intercepts for Cyber Security Applied to Critical Infrastructures
Mario La Manna
(pages: 95-100)

“And Then a Miracle Occurs …” – Engaging the Challenge of Operationalizing Theories of Success in Digital Transformation
Michael Von Kutzschenbach
(pages: 101-105)

Multidisciplinary Learning Extends Communication Skill, and Helps Cross Cultural Understandings: Biomedical Engineering
Shigehiro Hashimoto
(pages: 106-112)

Integrating Teaching, Research and Problem Solving: An Experience in Progress in the Mucuri Valley Region (Brazil)
Leônidas Conceição Barroso
(pages: 113-118)

Meeting Learning Challenges in Product Design Education with and through Additive Manufacturing
William Lavatelli Kempton, Steinar Killi, Andrew Morrison
(pages: 119-129)

Creating and Using Symbolic Mental Structures via Piaget’s Constructivism and Popper’s Three Worlds View with Falsifiability to Achieve Critical Thinking by Students in the Physical Sciences
Matthew E. Edwards
(pages: 130-134)

Creativity in Higher Education: Comparative Genetic Analyses on the Dopaminergic System in Relation to Creativity, Addiction, Schizophrenia in Humans and Non-Human Primates
Bernard Wallner, Sonja Windhager, Katrin Schaefer, Martin Fieder
(pages: 135-142)


 

Abstracts

 


ABSTRACT


Development and Validation in Air Traffic Control by Means of Real-Time Simulations

Stephan Herr, Michael Teichmann, Tim Gesekus


The airspace in Central Europe is already one of the busiest airspaces in the world and the forecasts predict further traffic increases. The current air transport system is reaching its capacity limits, not only at airports but also in parts of the en-route area. This is mainly due to the workload constraints of air traffic controllers. In the past, many technical system functionalities were developed with the aim of reducing controller workload and thus enabling the safe handling of the predicted traffic growth. But these new functionalities alone will not provide adequate relief to air traffic controllers. Their working procedures and the airspace structure will have to be adapted accordingly. In order to obtain real operational benefits, these technical innovations must be integrated into an overall concept which – in addition to the above-mentioned factors – also takes account of ergonomic aspects and human-machine interfaces. When developing such an overall concept, additional evaluation and validation measures are indispensable to ensure that the desired operational benefits are achieved. This is why DFS has for many years used fast- and real-time simulations to assess and optimise any changes to be made to the air traffic control system. The working methods of DFS in this context are in keeping with the European Operational Concept Validation Methodology of 2007, in short E-OCVM. This paper outlines the development and validation activities of DFS using the MSP D/L project as an example. The project deals with the introduction of the new role of air traffic controllers as multi-sector planners (MSP) and new system functionalities, such as air/ground data link (D/L). The project included the development of an operational concept for using the new functionalities as well as for defining working procedures and the airspace structure. This concept was subsequently evaluated by means of a fast-time simulation and two real-time simulations and gradually optimised. This paper focuses on how data were collected during the real-time simulation. In addition to collecting traffic-specific indicators and data concerning the taskload situation, we also performed an eye-tracking analysis in cooperation with the Darmstadt University of Technology to analyse changes relating to the working methods and the information used. Another objective of the paper is to compare the use of the prototype simulation platform for the real-time simulation with the use of operational systems for simulation purposes. Adapting operational systems to new operational procedures and functionalities is always associated with considerable costs. Air traffic controllers, however, need a realistic working environment for such simulations. Otherwise, it is impossible to obtain reliable results. It is not easy to develop a simulation platform that ensures both a realistic environment and quick and flexible adaptation capabilities. The project successfully met this challenge with the help of the Advanced Function Simulator (AFS) of the R&D Centre at DFS Deutsche Flugsicherung. The major features of the prototype simulation platform, i.e. rapid data adaptation, iterative development and automatic compilation of all user interactions, are shown using Project MSP D/L as an example. An overview of the results achieved in the real-time simulation is given at the end of the paper.

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